A one-day National Seminar on ‘Centenary Year of Adivasi Intervention and Contribution in Indian Legislature and Parliamentary Democracy (1921-2021)’ was organized in Ranchi on 26 October 2021. It was organized by Jharkhandi Bhasha Sahitya Sanskriti Akhra in collaboration with Dr. Ramdayal Munda Tribal Welfare Research Institute, Ranchi. Dr. Jagannath Ambagudia, Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, TISS, Guwahati (Assam) delivered the keynote speech in this national seminar organized for the first time in India on the completion of hundred years of Adivasis in the legislature and parliamentary system, while the tribal welfare Minister Champai Soren of Jharkhand government Addressed as the special guest.
Giving information about the seminar, Vandna Tete, General Secretary of Jharkhandi Bhasha Sahitya Sanskriti Akhra, said that the participation, interference and contribution of Adivasis in the legislative and parliamentary system of the country has been neglected in the history of modern Indian politics. The Dulu Manki of Chaibasa (Kolhan) are the first and only Adivasis in the country to enter the legislative system from the main Indian land. He became a member of the Legislative Council by winning from Singhbhum’s general constituency in the Bihar-Orissa Legislative Governor’s Council formed in 1921. After him, more than a dozen Adivasis became members of the Legislative Council till 1950, and then the assembly was formed in 1937. Theble Oraon is the first tribal to become an MP in 1946 who was nominated by Congress. All these Adivasi representatives raised questions related to tribal life and water, forest land in the legislature. Played an effective role in making and implementing tribal policies, plans, and programs. At the same time, the Adivasis contributed to the formation of the people’s form of legislative and parliamentary democracy. As a result of the contribution made by Jaipal Singh Munda, the 5th and 6th Schedules were included in the Constitution and the Tribal Advisory Council (TAC) and Ministry of Tribal Welfare were formed. But no political historian has shown the sincerity to include this political intervention and contribution of Adivasis in the Indian legislature and parliamentary democracy.
Various sessions of this seminar organized on the centenary year of Adivasis in legislative and parliamentary democracy were presented by senior Jharkhand litterateur Vinod Kumar, media person and social analyst Sudhir Pal, former TAC member Ratan Tirkey, Ashwini Kumar Pankaj, Ranendra, Chaibasa politician Sonaram Devgam, ‘Ho’ litterateur Dr. Damayanti Sinku, Kolkata’s eminent scholar Dr. Santosh Besra and J&K’s eminent Gojri litterateur Jan Mohammad Hakim addressed.
The purpose of organizing the seminar was to bring to the fore the political history of centenary years of Adivasi intervention and contribution in the legislative and parliamentary democracy of the country and to remember forgotten Adivasi representatives like Dulu Manki.
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